Hyderabad, once the capital of Sindh and now the third largest city of
Pakistan, is one of the oldest cities of the sub-continent. Its history
dates back to pre-Islamic times, when Ganjo Taken (barren hill), a
nearby hilly tract, was used as a place of worship. The city traces its
early history to Neroon, a Hindu ruler of the area from whom the city
derived its previous name, "Neroon Kot" (Fort of Neroon). The next
important phase of its history began when the Indus changed its course
The monuments of the Kalhora and Talpur rulers and the bazaars of the
city are worth visiting. Stretching from Hyderabad fort to the Market
Tower is Shahi Bazaar, where well-stocked shops are housed on both sides
of a winding street, and alongside a maze of tiny lanes that run off it.
Good buys are calico, embroidery, bracelets, lacquered wood furniture,
hand-loom cloth, "sousi" and "ajrak", "rilli", block printed colorful "chadars"
(shawls) bangles, shoes and glazed tiles. Hyderabad is connected with
the main cities of the country by road, rail and air links.